Heavy Vehicle Fatigue Management is a Legal Requirement

What does a hoist operator on constructions sites do?

The Importance of Overhead Gantry Crane Operator Training

Why Do I Need a Telehandler Gold Card Licence?

Safety Precautions When Using Boom Lifts over 11m


Heavy Vehicle Fatigue Management is a Legal Requirement

Why would I need to do this course?

Due to the Chain of Responsibility (CoR) legislation, anyone in any workplace where Heavy Vehicle Driver Fatigue Laws apply, would need to consider attending this course, not just the drivers of heavy vehicles. State laws have been in place since 2006 in NSW. Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL) regarding fatigue management of heavy vehicle drivers were adopted by NSW in Feb 2014. These apply in all states (except WA).

Compliance is not optional, it is mandatory. It applies to any business that operates heavy vehicles.

Fines and prosecutions can apply for breaches of the law. Maximum penalties include:

(a) for a minor risk breach—$4000; or

(b) for a substantial risk breach—$6000; or

(c) for a severe risk breach—$10000; or

(d) for a critical risk breach—$15000.

A minor risk breach could be failing to take a 15 minute rest break in 5 ¼ hours.

A critical risk breach could be working 13 ½ hours in a 24 hour period.

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What does a hoist operator on constructions sites do?

A personnel and materials hoist is a machine (like an outdoor elevator or lift) that is used to carry materials, goods or people between floors on multi story buildings when being built.

The hoist is comprised of a lift car or platform, some machinery and a mast structure tied off to the building.

It is important for hoist operators to know how to operate it safely.

The hoist itself is installed or extended by riggers or scaffolders at the start of the job.

Detailed job description for hoist operators

  1. Planning the work

  • This starts out with identifying any potential hazards and controlling or preventing them.
  • Communication methods are decided for using the hoist (bells, two way radios etc)
  • Knowing the hoist safe working load (SWL) appropriate for the job at hand and the weights and sizes of any loads to be moved.


  1. Conducting routine pre-operational checks at the start of each day

  • Physically checking the hoist for any damage or maintenance requirements, and how to report any problems.
  • The hoist service logbook should be checked for compliance.
  • Switching on the hoist’s main power supply and then checking all controls, lights, alarm systems, safety devices and communication equipment are working properly.


  1. Operating the hoist through the day

  • Proper operation of the hoist according to the set procedures.
  • Load weights distribution should be monitored keenly and safety maintained at all times.
  • Wind and weather conditions are monitored and hoist shut down if dangerous


  1. Shutting down and securing the hoist at the end of the day

  • The hoist should be lowered to ground level and powered off.
  • Check the hoist for damage and report any that you find.
  • Check any gates and fences to ensure that they are properly secured from unauthorized access.

All this is what you learn when you attend personnel and materials hoist training.

The training is intensive and it is therefore important to concentrate and remain focused throughout the course. TOP^


The Importance of Overhead Gantry Crane Operator Training

An overhead gantry crane is used to hoist products and materials and move them to different locations in your workshop, factory or warehouse. They can also be used to load and unload trucks.

Most of these are remote or pendant controlled by the operator on the ground.

The operator attaches the load then moves it to the new location using the pendant controlled gantry crane.

Why training is vital

Any operator that uses this type of plant and equipment should undergo thorough gantry crane training by expert trainers to ensure proper handling.

This is because accidents caused by poor crane or load handling skills can be disastrous and can lead to loss of lives and money.

An employer or PCBU can also arrange for their existing overhead gantry crane operators staff to attend refresher courses on proper handling every once in a while, or to verify their existing operating skills.

This can help meet duty of care requirements under the WHS Act 2011 and WHS Regulation 2011.

It is possible to get comprehensive or customised training that covers different types of gantry cranes such as track-mounted, bridge, pedestal and cabin controlled. TOP^


Telescopic Handler - Licensing /Training Requirements Explained

What is a Telehandler?

A telescopic handler or telehandler is a mobile all terrain multi-purpose machine fitted with a variable height/reach telescopic boom and a lifting attachment. The most common attachment are forks, but telehandlers can be fitted with a variety of attachments for different types of loads.

Some other attachment types available are:

•          Work Platforms

•          Earth moving buckets

•          Crane/Lifting jibs

Do I need a high risk work licence to operate a Telehandler, and if so, which one?

As a telehandler can be used for a variety of tasks and applications with different attachments there is a lot of confusion and misinformation as to what type of training or licensing is required, if any.

The WHS/OHS regulators in each state have generally agreed that a telehandler will fall under the high risk work (HRW) licence category of either non-slewing or slewing mobile crane if they have a lifting capacity greater than 3 tonne and are fitted with a crane jib lifting attachment. The class of HRW licence required for this configuration is CN (Non Slewing) or C2 or above (Slewing)

NOTE: If you hold a C2 or above class, this also encompasses the requirements for CN class.

If the telehandler has a work platform attachment and a boom length longer than 11m, then a WP class HRW licence WP class must also be held by the operator, as well as the necessary telescopic handler training stated in this document.  

Throughout Australia there are some variations to the training and licencing parameters.

On the TSHA, website there is matrix of training and licensing requirements for each state/territory.

Isn’t my Forklift licence good enough?

No! Forklifts and Telehandlers have very different operating capabilities, limitations and characteristics.

They are also classified under different Australian Standards (Forklifts AS 2359:2-2013 Powered Industrial Trucks/ Telehandlers AS 1418.19 – Cranes, hoists and winches – Telescopic handlers

Forks are just one type of attachment on a telehandler. Having a forklift licence (and experience) will be useful if you are picking up and dropping off pallets, but inexperienced/untrained telehandler operators are not mindful of the interaction that boom angle, boom extension, load weight, and longitudinal and lateral slope can have on the stability of the telehandler.

Why would I need a Gold Card?

A regular question asked is ‘why do I need a gold card when my State WHS/OHS regulator has just told me that I do not need to have a licence?’

If the telehandler does not fall under the HRW licencing requirements, then that answer is partially correct.

The correct answer should be that with any type of plant operations that do not fall under High Risk Work Licensing that although you may not have to have a HRW Licence, there are still instruction/training requirements that will need to be met in order to comply with WHS Law.

All states/territories (except WA and Vic) now have uniform Workplace Health and Safety laws and regulations in place. These are referred to as the Work Health and Safety Act 2011 and the Work Health and Safety Regulation 2011, which aim to protect the health, safety and welfare of people at work. In the Act, it is clearly stated that there is a duty of care to ensure workplace safety, and specifically mention the following:

  • WHS Act 2011
  • Duties of a Person Conducting a Business or Undertaking (PCBU) - Primary duty of care:
  • A PCBU has the primary duty of care to ensure the health and safety of workers while they are at work in the business or undertaking.
  • A PCBU is also responsible for ensuring work being carried out does not entail undue risk to the health and safety of others.

This means the PCBU must:

  • Provide and maintain a safe work environment, safe plant and structures;
  • Provide and maintain safe systems of work;
  • Ensure the safe use, handling and storage of plant, structures and substances;
  • Provide instruction, training, information and supervision; and
  • Monitor the health of workers and conditions at the workplace.

A PCBU will need to show some form of proof that the operator has been instructed on the safe use of a telehandler. Verbal instruction is not an effective method of training as it lacks proof of training evidence.

The Gold Card training program has been developed by the Telescopic Handler Association as a means of helping industry to comply with the WHS Act.

The Gold Card is not a licence. The Gold Card is evidence that the holder has successfully completed a structured training course.

What training options are available?

The Telescopic Handler Association (TSHA) Gold Card is Nationally Recognised Training mapped to the unit of competence RIIHAN309E Conduct Telescopic Materials Handler Operations. 

Note: Prior to 1 February 2014 the TSHA had provided Gold Card duty of care training which was not mapped to a unit of competence. An example of the pre and post February 2014 Gold Cards can be seen at the bottom of this page. The old Gold Cards are valid proof of training, but in recent years there has been an industry shift from making do with non-accredited training to requiring Nationally Recognised Training. Nationally Recognised Training includes training modules within a nationally endorsed Training Package, known as units of competency, and upon successful completion; a Statement of Attainment is issued.

What if I do nothing?

To disregard the law (the Act is law) can result in hefty fines and or jail. TOP^

Safety Precautions When Using Boom Lifts over 11m

There are precautions to take to ensure the safety of everyone involved with plant like Boom Lifts or EWP’s (Elevating Work Platforms).

These are commonly used in industries like construction and building maintenance, when work needs to be done safely at height.

Having a checklist or logbook to perform some routine checks before using the EWP is mandatory to be sure there are no problems with the boom lift.

Regular maintenance is also necessary to guarantee good working condition. Servicing should be carried out at least every 3 months or 90 days, or as any problems are identified.

The operators manual will guide you in the functions and controls of the EWP, so take some time to read it if you are not familiar with the boom lift you are planning on using in Wetherill Park, Sydney or any other location.

You should also not exceed the Safe Working Load of the EWP – most boom lifts are restricted to operators and a maximum basket load of 230kg, including the weight of any tools and equipment you need to do the job.

It is also vital for operators to be aware of their surroundings and any hazards when operating the EWP. Be on the lookout for overhead electric wires, unstable or sloping ground, high wind, other plant or traffic, and movement of people near your working area.

Proximity to buildings, structures and services should also be closely monitored.

Safety harnesses must be worn and anchored to platform at all times. TOP^